In 1990, Somalia broke out into clan warfare. This eventually led to an all out civil war in
which clans fought for power and control of Somalia. Corrupt clan leaders took over the food and water supply. By
September 1992, half the population was suffering from starvation, severe malnutrition, and disease. The UN stepped in
at this time to protect, provide supplies, and send trucks which gave the people food, water, and
basic medical help. The UN tried to restore peace and stability to Somalia. This would become known as the 100-Day Action
While the people of Somalia welcomed the much needed relief from the United States, the Samali
began to view the United States as an attacking occupier.
The Clan leaders made the relief efforts almost impossible. General Mohamad Fahrah Aidid ordered
the Pakistani battalion to not be allowed into Mogadishu. He also fired shots on ships carrying food and on the Pakistani
troops who were controlling the airport. Pakistani troops returning fire only resulted in an increase of looting
and hijacking of supply trucks as well as warehouses.
On December 3 1992, the United States got the command to sucure environment, provide relief
and set up an economy by "all means necessary". Eventually rebuild Somali economy and create a Somali State.